- periodontal disease
- Signs of Gum disease
- gum treatment
Major Cause of Tooth Loss in Adults is Periodontal Disease.Three out of four adults will experience some form of periodontal (gum) disease, a major cause of tooth loss in adults. Although it is often referred to as a single disease, there are several types of periodontal disease. All are caused by a bacterial infection that begins as an inflammation of the gums. When left untreated, periodontal disease can destroy the gums, bone and ligaments supporting the teeth. One reason periodontal disease is so widespread among adults is that it is often a painless condition until the advanced stage. Periodontal disease begins with plaque, a sticky, colorless film of bacteria that constantly forms on the teeth and gums. If plaque is not removed regularly, the bacteria create toxins that irritate the gyms, making them swollen, red and likely to bleed easily. If left unchecked, the toxins cause gym tissues to detach from the teeth, creating pockets where food particles and more plaque may collect. The earliest for m of periodontal disease is gingivitis. The first symptoms include gums that bleed when brushed or flossed. Other signs of gingivitis may be red, swollen or irritated gyms. Proper brushing and cleaning between the teeth with either floss or other interdental cleaners can usually reverse gingivitis. As periodontal disease progresses, the signs can become more noticeable. These can include: pus under the gumline; teeth that are loose or separating; change in bite or in the fit of partial dentures; or chronic bad breath or bad taste. Anyone experiencing any of these should seek dental care immediately. Treatment of early gum disease includes meticulous home hygiene and regular professional cleaning. More advanced stages of periodontal disease may require procedures to smooth and clean the deeper surfaces of the tooth's roots and to restructure the tissue around the tooth, thus removing the pockets that hold the bacteria.
How Do I Know if I Have a Problem With Gum Disease?
Periodontal (gum) disease often develops silently, with no warning signs. That’s why it’s important to visit our office regularly, so we can check you teeth and gums and take X-rays, if necessary, to help us diagnose possible problems.
It’s important that you be aware of the “eight silent signs” that may be symptoms of periodontal disease:
1. Gums that bleed when you brush you teeth.
2. Red, swollen or tender gums.
3. Gums that have pulled away from you teeth.
4. Pus that appears between you teeth and gums when the gyms are pressed.
5. Teeth that are becoming loose or changing position.
6. Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.
7. Any changer in the way you partial dentures fit.
8. Persistent bad breath or bad taste. Please call us for an appointment if you’ve noticed any of these changes. To remove plaque, you should brush twice daily and clean between your teeth daily with floss or interdental cleaners. Regular dental visits and professional cleaning are essential.
Treatment of early gum disease includes meticulous home hygiene and regular professional cleaning. More advanced stages of periodontal disease may require procedures to smooth and clean the deeper surfaces of the tooth’s roots and to restructure the tissue around the tooth, thus removing the pockets that hold the bacteria. Such treatments may include the following:
- localized delivery of antibiotics,
- home care & regular follow up care,
- surgery (e.g. LASER) to decrease the pocket size and recontour the bone surrounding the teeth and to clean and smooth the tooth roots surface under direct vision below the gum line.
- The root of the tooth need to be planed and smoothed in order to allow gum tissue to heal properly.
- Sometimes bone grafts may need to be placed depending on the amount of bone that is lost due to gum disease.