- Root canal treatment
- Signs for possible Root canal treatment
- Root canal procedure
Root canal treatment
Root canal treatment is required to save a tooth when the pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth) is affected due to trauma or with a result of bacterial infection of the tooth which has reached the pulp. A root canal treatment involves the removal of infected tissue by means of mechanical as well as chemical cleansing of the root canal system and any decay are removed and the resulting space is filled with special root canal filling material.
Root canal procedure is mandatory to save a tooth that otherwise would die and has to be removed. Root canal therapy gives an immediate relief of pain in most cases when a pulp of a tooth is infected.
Root canal treatment is most of the time very successful and usually lasts for a long time. on a rare occasion, a tooth will have to be retreated due to new infections.
Signs and symptoms for possible root canal treatment
- Sensitivity to hot and cold
- Severe toothache that lingers
- Sometimes symptomless
- Swelling and/or tenderness
Root canal treatment may be necessary when tooth decay reaches the tooth pulp (the living tissue inside the tooth) , Infection or abscess involving the tooth , Injury or trauma to the tooth
A root canal procedure may take one or more appointments.
Local anesthesia is used to numb the tooth before the root canal procedure is started . Once the tooth is anesthetized preparation is made by placing a rubber dam to protect debris and irrigating solutions from the tooth falling inside the mouth and also to prevent small instrument aspiration. the tooth is opened infected tissue, and bacteria are removed from the root canal system. If tooth decay is present it is removed at this time.
Once the tooth is thoroughly cleansed and shaped it will be sealed with a material called gutta-percha and the opening on the tooth is closed with provisional material.
After evaluating the condition of the tooth if not symptomatic a definitive restorative procedure will be performed which is usually crowns for back teeth to protect the tooth and prevent it from breaking, and restore it to its full function. In addition, all teeth that have root canal treatment preferably have a crown (cap) placed.
Following treatment, the tooth may still be sensitive, but this will subside .